Official Guide Explanation:
Data Sufficiency #136




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Solution and Metadata

Question: 136
Page: 285
Difficulty: 4 (Moderately Easy)
Category 1: Arithmetic > Descriptive Statistics > Average

Explanation: If the average of 6 numbers is 75, that means that the six numbers sum to 6(75) = 450. Statement (1) is sufficient: if none of the numbers are less than 75, none of the numbers can be greater than 75, either. If any of the numbers were greater than 75, there would need to be a number less than 75 to "balance out" the average. Since there aren't any, all the numbers must be 75.

Statement (2) is the same thing, in reverse: if none of the numbers is greater than 75, none can be less than 75, either, so all six numbers must be 75. Both statements are sufficient, so choice (D) is correct.

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