### Bookshelf

 Total GMAT Math Jeff's complete Quant guide, on sale now!
 Total GMAT Verbal Everything you need to ace GMAT Verbal!
 New: GMAT 111 Improve every aspect of your GMAT prep!

1,800 Practice Math Questions

GMAT Official Guide
OG Math | OG Verbal

Guides To the Official Guide
Free: OG12 explanations!

GMAT Question of the Day

Beginner's Guide to the GMAT

GMAT Hacks Affiliate Program

### Resources

MBA.com
GMAC Official Site
Free GMATPrep Practice Tests

Stacy Blackman Consulting
Book | Essay Guides

GRE HQ
Total GRE Math

Ultimate SAT Verbal

## Official Guide Explanation:Problem Solving #47

Background

This is just one of hundreds of free explanations I've created to the quantitative questions in The Official Guide for GMAT Review (12th ed.). Click the links on the question number, difficulty level, and categories to find explanations for other problems.

These are the same explanations that are featured in my "Guides to the Official Guide" PDF booklets. However, because of the limitations of HTML and cross-browser compatibility, some mathematical concepts, such as fractions and roots, do not display as clearly online.

Question: 47
Page: 158
Difficulty: 4 (Moderately Easy)
Category 1: Arithmetic > Percents > other
Category 2: Word Problems > Mixture Problems >
Category 3: Word Problems > Rate Problems > other

Explanation: This problem can be solved by simply doing all of the calculations: finding 57% of 200, 42% of 300, and then dividing the total by 500. But it's more valuable to see this as a weighted average question. Essentially, there's a heavier weight on 42% than on 57%, and by solving the problem, you can find the weighted average of those two percents. Think of it like this: ((200(57) + 300(42))/500), which, as always, should be simplified: ((2(57) + 3(42))/5). Better yet, recognize that when solving for a weighted average, it doesn't matter what the actual numbers are, it matters the distance between the numbers. So, remembering that you'll have to add 42 to the answer, subtract 42 from each of the percents, as follows: ((2(15) + 3(0))/5) = (30/5) = 6. Add 42 again, and your answer is 48, choice (C). Like many "shortcuts," this may seem cumbersome at first, but once internalized, it will help you race through problems like this one faster than ever before.

 You should follow me on Twitter. While you're at it, take a moment to subscribe to GMAT Hacks via RSS or Email.

 Total GMAT Math The comprehensive guide to the GMAT Quant section. It's "far and away the best study material available," including over 300 realistic practice questions and more than 500 exercises! Click to read more.