### Bookshelf

 Total GMAT Math Jeff's complete Quant guide, on sale now!
 Total GMAT Verbal Everything you need to ace GMAT Verbal!
 New: GMAT 111 Improve every aspect of your GMAT prep!

Guides To the Official Guide
(Updated for new editions!)

1,800 Practice Quant Questions

GMAT Question of the Day

GMAT Official Guide
OG Math | OG Verbal

Beginner's Guide to the GMAT

GMAT Hacks Affiliate Program

### Resources

MBA.com
GMAC Official Site
Free GMATPrep Practice Tests

Stacy Blackman Consulting
Book | Essay Guides

GRE HQ
Total GRE Math

Ultimate SAT Verbal

## Official Guide Explanation:Data Sufficiency #101

Background

This is just one of hundreds of free explanations I've created to the quantitative questions in The Official Guide for GMAT Quantitative Review (2nd ed.). Click the links on the question number, difficulty level, and categories to find explanations for other problems.

These are the same explanations that are featured in my "Guides to the Official Guide" PDF booklets. However, because of the limitations of HTML and cross-browser compatibility, some mathematical concepts, such as fractions and roots, do not display as clearly online.

Question: 101
Page: 160
Difficulty: 4 (Moderately Easy)
Category 1: Arithmetic > Descriptive Statistics > Average

Explanation: If the average of 4 numbers is 50, the sum of the numbers is 200. That may be easier to work with than the average.

Statement (1) is insufficient: the numbers could be 49, 49, 51, and 51 (2 numbers greater than 50), or 1, 1, 1, and 197 (one number greater than 50). Statement (2) is also insufficient: the numbers could be 25, 25, 75, and 75 (two numbers greater than 50), or 25, 25, 25, and 125 (one number greater than 50).

Taken together, the statements are still insufficient. Both of the examples given for (2) also satisfy the requirement given in (1), so they can be used here. Since it's possible that one or two numbers is greater than 50, choice (E) is correct.

 You should follow me on Twitter. While you're at it, take a moment to subscribe to GMAT Hacks via RSS or Email.

 Total GMAT Math The comprehensive guide to the GMAT Quant section. It's "far and away the best study material available," including over 300 realistic practice questions and more than 500 exercises! Click to read more.