### Bookshelf

 Total GMAT Math Jeff's complete Quant guide, on sale now!
 Total GMAT Verbal Everything you need to ace GMAT Verbal!
 New: GMAT 111 Improve every aspect of your GMAT prep!

Guides To the Official Guide
(Updated for new editions!)

1,800 Practice Quant Questions

GMAT Question of the Day

GMAT Official Guide
OG Math | OG Verbal

Beginner's Guide to the GMAT

GMAT Hacks Affiliate Program

### Resources

MBA.com
GMAC Official Site
Free GMATPrep Practice Tests

Stacy Blackman Consulting
Book | Essay Guides

GRE HQ
Total GRE Math

Ultimate SAT Verbal

## Official Guide Explanation:Data Sufficiency #108

Background

This is just one of hundreds of free explanations I've created to the quantitative questions in The Official Guide for GMAT Quantitative Review (2nd ed.). Click the links on the question number, difficulty level, and categories to find explanations for other problems.

These are the same explanations that are featured in my "Guides to the Official Guide" PDF booklets. However, because of the limitations of HTML and cross-browser compatibility, some mathematical concepts, such as fractions and roots, do not display as clearly online.

Question: 108
Page: 161
Difficulty: 5 (Moderate)
Category 1: Algebra > Equations >
Category 2: Algebra > Linear Equations-Two Unk >

Explanation: Since all paperbacks are the same price and all hardbacks are the same price, we're looking for the value of p + h. Statement (1) in insufficient: it tells us that 2p + 3h = \$12.50, which isn't enough to find the value of p + h. Statement (2) is also insufficient: if 4p + 6h = \$25, we still can't find p + h.

Taken together, the statements are still insufficient. To find the values of two variables, you need two distinct linear equations. These are two linear equations, but they are not distinct. 4p + 6h = \$25 is just two times the first equation, 2p + 3h = \$12.50. To watch out for this common trap, keep an eye out for the ratio of the coefficients: in the first equation it's 2:3; in the second, it's 4:6, or 2:3. If the ratios are the same, it's very likely that the equations are the same. Choice (E) is correct.

 You should follow me on Twitter. While you're at it, take a moment to subscribe to GMAT Hacks via RSS or Email.

 Total GMAT Math The comprehensive guide to the GMAT Quant section. It's "far and away the best study material available," including over 300 realistic practice questions and more than 500 exercises! Click to read more.